2008年1月21日星期一

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人力资源管理常用短语英汉对照表

A

Action learning:行动学习
Alternation ranking method
:交替排序法
Annual bonus
:年终分红
Application forms
:工作申请表
Appraisal interview
:评价面试
Aptitudes
:资质
Arbitration
:仲裁
Attendance incentive plan
:参与式激励计划

Authority
:职权

B
Behavior modeling
:行为模拟
Behaviorally anchored rating scale (bars)
:行为锚定等级评价法
Benchmark job
:基准职位
Benefits
:福利
Bias
:个人偏见
Boycott
:联合抵制
Bumping/layoff procedures
:工作替换/临时解雇程序
Burnout
:耗竭

C

Candidate-order error:候选人次序错误
Capital accumulation program
:资本积累方案
Career anchors
:职业锚
Career cycle
:职业周期
Career planning and development
:职业规划与职业发展
Case study method
:案例研究方法
Central tendency
:居中趋势
Citations
:传讯
Civil Rights Act
:民权法
Classes
:类
Classification (or grading) method
:归类(或分级)法
Collective bargaining
:集体谈判
Comparable worth
:可比价值
Compensable factor
:报酬因素
Computerized forecast
:计算机化预测
Content validity
:内容效度
Criterion validity
:效标效度
Critical incident method
:关键事件法

D

Davis-Bacon Act (DBA):戴维斯�佩根法案
Day-to-day-collective bargaining
:日常集体谈判
Decline stage
:下降阶段
Deferred profit-sharing plan
:延期利润分享计划
Defined benefit
:固定福利
Defined contribution
:固定缴款
Department of Labor job analysis
:劳工部工作分析法
Discipline
:纪律
Dismissal
:解雇;开除
Downsizing
:精简

E
Early retirement window
:提前退休窗口
Economic strike
:经济罢工
Edgar Schein
:艾德加・施恩
Employee compensation
:职员报酬
Employee orientation
:雇员上岗引导
Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA)
:雇员退休收入保障法案
Employee services benefits
:雇员服务福利

Employee stock ownership plan (ESOP) :雇员持股计划
Equal Pay Act
:公平工资法
Establishment stage
:确立阶段
Exit interviews
:离职面谈
Expectancy chart
:期望图表
Experimentation
:实验
Exploration stage
:探索阶段

F
Fact-finder
:调查
Fair day's work
:公平日工作
Fair Labor Standards Act
:公平劳动标准法案
Flexible benefits programs
:弹性福利计划
Flex place
:弹性工作地点
Flextime
:弹性工作时间
Forced distribution method
:强制分布法
Four-day workweek
:每周4天工作制
Frederick Taylor
:弗雷德里克・泰罗
Functional control
:职能控制
Functional job analysis
:功能性工作分析法

G

General economic conditions:一般经济状况
Golden offerings
:高龄给付
Good faith bargaining
:真诚的谈判
Grade description
:等级说明书
Grades
:等级
Graphic rating scale
:图尺度评价法
Grid training
:方格训练
Grievance
:抱怨
Grievance procedure
:抱怨程序
Group life insurance
:团体人寿保险
Group pension plan
:团体退休金计划
Growth stage
:成长阶段
Guarantee corporation
:担保公司
Guaranteed fair treatment
:有保证的公平对待
Guaranteed piecework plan
:有保障的计件工资制

Gain sharing:收益分享

H
Halo effect
:晕轮效应
Health maintenance organization (HMO)
:健康维持组织

I
Illegal bargaining
:非法谈判项目
Impasse
:僵持

Implied authority:隐含职权
Incentive plan
:激励计划
Individual retirement account (IRA)
:个人退休账户
In-house development center
:企业内部开发中心
Insubordination
:不服从
Insurance benefits
:保险福利
Interviews
:谈话;面谈

J
Job analysis
:工作分析
Job description
:工作描述
Job evaluation
:职位评价
Job instruction training (JIT)
:工作指导培训
Job posting
:工作公告
Job rotation
:工作轮换

Job sharing
:工作分组
Job specifications
:工作说明书
John Holland
:约翰・霍兰德
Junior board
:初级董事会

L

Layoff:临时解雇
Leader attach training
:领导者匹配训练
Lifetime employment without guarantees
:无保证终身解雇
Line manager
:直线管理者
Local market conditions
:地方劳动力市场
Lockout
:闭厂

M
Maintenance stage
:维持阶段
Management assessment center
:管理评价中心
Management by objectives (MBO)
:目标管理法
Management game
:管理竞赛
Management grid
:管理方格训练

Management process:管理过程
Mandatory bargaining
:强制谈判项目

Mediation:调解
Merit pay
:绩效工资

Merit raise:绩效加薪
Mid career crisis sub stage
:中期职业危机阶段

N
Nondirective interview
:非定向面试

O

Occupational market conditions:职业市场状况
Occupational orientation
:职业性向
Occupational Safety and Health Act
:职业安全与健康法案
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
:职业安全与健康管理局
Occupational skills
:职业技能
On-the-job training (OJT)
:在职培训
Open-door
:敞开门户
Opinion survey
:意见调查
Organization development(OD)
:组织发展
Outplacement counseling
:向外安置顾问

P
Paired comparison method
:配对比较法
Panel interview
:小组面试
Participant diary/logs
:现场工人日记/日志
Pay grade
:工资等级
Pension benefits
:退休金福利
Pension plans
:退休金计划
People-first values
"以人为本"的价值观
Performance analysis
:工作绩效分析

Performance Appraisal interview:工作绩效评价面谈
Personnel (or human resource) management
:人事(或人力资源)管理
Personnel replacement charts
:人事调配图
Piecework
:计件
Plant Closing law
:工厂关闭法
Point method/
Policies
:政策
Position Analysis Questionnaire (PAQ)
:职位分析问卷
Position replacement cards
:职位调配卡
Pregnancy discrimination act
:怀孕歧视法案
Profit-sharing plan
利润分享计划
Programmed learning
:程序化教学

Q
Qualifications inventories
:资格数据库
Quality circle
:质量圈

R

Ranking method:排序法
Rate ranges
:工资率系列
Ratio analysis
:比率分析
Reality shock
:现实冲击 Reliability:信度
Retirement
:退休
Retirement benefits
:退休福利
Retirement counseling
:退休前咨询
Rings of defense
:保护圈
Role playing
:角色扮演

S

Skip-level interview:越级谈话
Social security
:社会保障
Speak up!
:讲出来!
Special awards
:特殊奖励
Special management development techniques
:特殊的管理开发技术
Stabilization sub stage
:稳定阶段

Staff (service) function:职能(服务)功能
Standard hour plan
:标准工时工资
Stock option
:股票期权
Straight piecework
:直接计件制
Strategic plan
:战略规划
Stress interview
:压力面试
Strictness/leniency
:偏紧/偏松
Strikes
:罢工
Structured interview
:结构化面试
Succession planning
:接班计划
Supplement pay benefits
:补充报酬福利
Supplemental unemployment benefits
:补充失业福利

Salary surveys:薪资调查
Savings plan
:储蓄计划
Scallion plan
:斯坎伦计划
Scatter plot
:散点分析
Scientific management
:科学管理
Self directed teams
:自我指导工作小组
Self-actualization
:自我实现
Sensitivity training
:敏感性训练
Serialized interview
:系列化面试
Severance pay
:离职金
Sick leave
:病假
Situational interview
:情境面试

Survey feedback:调查反馈
Sympathy strike
:同情罢工
System
Ⅳ组织体系Ⅳ
System I
:组织体系Ⅰ

T
Task analysis
:任务分析
Team building
:团队建设
Team or group
:班组
Termination
:解雇;终止

Termination at will:随意终止
Theory X
X理论
Theory Y
Y理论
Third-party involvement
:第三方介入
Training
:培训
Transactional analysis (TA)
:人际关系心理分析
Trend analysis
:趋势分析

Trial sub stage
:尝试阶段

U

Unsafe conditions:不安全环境

Unclear performance standards:绩效评价标准不清
Unemployment insurance
:失业保险
Unfair labor practice strike
:不正当劳工活动罢工
Unsafe acts
:不安全行为

V
Validity
:效度
Value-based hiring
:以价值观为基础的雇佣
Vroom-Yetton leadership trainman
:维罗姆-耶顿领导能力训练

Variable compensation:可变报酬
Vestibule or simulated training
:新雇员培训或模拟
Vesting
:特别保护权
Voluntary bargaining
:自愿谈判项目

Voluntary pay cut:自愿减少工资方案
Voluntary time off
:自愿减少时间

W
Wage carve
:工资曲线
Work samples
:工作样本
Work sampling technique
:工作样本技术
Work sharing
:临时性工作分担
Worker involvement
:雇员参与计划
Worker's benefits
:雇员福利

 

 
Richie

----
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